The Tesla Powerwall is the world’s most advanced home battery.
It’s the best looking too!
The Tesla Powerwall is the world’s most advanced home battery.
It’s the best looking too!
If you're a solar homeowner, a battery storage system like the Tesla Powerwall 2 can help you make the most of the electricity being generated by your solar array. The Tesla Powerwall minimises the amount of electricity your home needs to draw from the grid, making your home more self-sufficient.
By capturing and storing excess electricity generated by your solar panels during the day, that energy can then be used by your home during the evenings or on days with poorer weather, which can reduce your electricity bills significantly.
The Tesla Powerwall comes with the ability to ride through powercuts, giving your home added security. It's like having insurance for your home energy system.
It's also possible to fill the Powerwall with cheap night-time electricity, which is especially useful in winter when there is less solar energy to be captured by the battery. With a solar PV array and a Powerwall, you might never pay full price for your electricity again.
With its large 13.5kWh energy storage capacity, the Tesla Powerwall 2 is an ideal companion for larger households, or for those wanting to run their car on sunshine. For smaller households or those with smaller solar arrays, other battery storage options may be more suitable.
The Tesla Powerwall is a beautifully designed, sleek, minimalist product which looks great inside (or outside!) any home. The battery system comes with a clear and informative mobile phone app to show you when your battery is charging and discharging, and showing how little grid electricity you are consuming.
Be more self-sufficent
Market-leading 13.5kWh capacity
Never have a power cut
Store cheap night-time electricity
Or even power your car
Get paid for keeping the grid stable
The Tesla Powerwall 2 is a rechargeable lithium-ion battery storage system, primarily designed to be used with a solar PV system. It stores excess electricity which can then be used when the sun isn't shining i.e. overnight or on days with poor weather. This stored electricity can then be used to power the building once the sun has gone down, when there is poor weather or even during power cuts (if the back up gateway is fitted).
The Tesla Powerwall 2 can be used in virtually any building with a solar PV system, whether that's a home, a commercial or a public building. It works best when there is plenty of excess day-time solar electricity that would otherwise be exported back to the grid.
The previous generation of this system was called the Tesla Powerwall, which had a smaller battery capacity and fewer features. Details of a forthcoming Powerwall 3 are yet to be announced by Tesla.
We explain how a home battery can be used to capture solar energy during the day, for use in the evening and overnight
Tesla Powerwall 2 systems are designed to work with any solar PV setup because they use AC power (rather than DC) so can easily be retrofitted to an existing solar PV system.
The Powerwall 2 is connected directly to the building's standard electrics, so when the energy stored by the battery has been used up and if no solar energy is available directly from your PV system, you automatically draw what is needed from the national grid instead.
A Tesla Powerwall 2 has a 13.5 kWh capacity, which is sufficient to store more than the daily demand of a typical home. It has a power output of up to 5 kW, which can cover more demand for electricity at peak times e.g. if several appliances are running at once. For example, a kettle uses around 3 kW of power and a 1000-Watt microwave uses 1 kW – so the battery can supply enough power for both to run at the same time without needing to draw anything from the grid (assuming the Powerwall 2 has sufficient charge to do so).
The Tesla Powerwall 2 can be installed indoors or outdoors and can help to reduce energy bills significantly, especially over the summer months, as well as being a way to ensure your home has power in the event of a temporary power cut.
Tesla Powerwall 2 systems come with a 10-year manufacturer's warranty for unlimited cycles and 80% of the original energy capacity, when the system is charged using solar energy. This means that if your Powerwall falls below 80% of the original capacity during those 10-years, you qualify for a replacement. It is expected that most Powerwall batteries will continue to function effectively for many years after the warranty runs out, although energy capacity will reduce a little over time.
Our Technical Director, Dr Chris Jardine, explains how the Powerwall works in this Fully Charged video from 2017 (please note that the back-up gateway was not available at the time of filming)
Tesla Powerwall Specification
Dimensions: H 1,150mm x W 753mm x D 147mm
118kg per unit
90% round trip efficiency
Indoor or outdoor mounting
The amount of time that a Tesla Powerwall 2 will be able to power a building for will depend on a the electricity demand within the building (such as lights, appliances, and potentially an electric car). The average household uses around 10 kWh (kilowatt hours) per 24-hour period (and much less if using solar power during a sunny day). This means that your Tesla Powerwall 2 could potentially power your home for at least a day with its 13.4 kWh of battery storage, from a full charge.
We are also seeing many households store solar energy during the day when they are out, run their home through the evening, and then empty the remaining solar electricity into their electric car. The battery is then completely empty, to repeat the cycle again the next day.
The Powerwall can supply 5kW of power at any one instant, so can cover the usage of all but the most thirsty appliances running at the same time. A kettle, at 3kW, would be fine, but electric power showers (10kW), and fast EV chargers (7kW) would only be partially covered.
For buildings with greater power needs, such as some businesses, it's possible to incorporate multiple Tesla Powerwall 2 units into your system, increasing the amount of battery storage capacity available, and the instantaneous power that can be delivered. Depending on the number of Powerwall units included in your setup and the electricity demands of the home or business, this could mean that you have enough electricity stored to power the building for significantly longer than with a single Powerwall unit.
The current price for a fully installed Tesla Powerwall 2 system will be between £8,600 and £10,500 depending on the complexity of the installation needed, and the VAT rate you are eligible for. You can contact us for an accurate quote of installation costs for a Powerwall 2 at your home or business.
The Tesla Powerwall is the cheapest home battery per kWh of storage capacity. It is possible to get cheaper batteries than the Tesla Powerwall, but they will store less electricity, and be able to supply less instantaneous power.
I was in out the country and saw on the app that there had been a power cut. I rang my wife at home, and she was totally oblivious. I was so grateful my wife was OK, and all because the Tesla backup was doing it's job perfectly.
Even though we’re a family of four, we now use on average less that 1/10 th of what we used to from the grid. Before our average grid use was 10.5 kWh/day, now its 0.5 kWh.
We’ve managed self-powered up in the high 90%’s. It’s almost a game trying to minimise grid electricity – we sort of consider it a failure to use fossil fuels
Yes, the Tesla Powerall now comes with a back-up gateway. The gateway sits on the incoming electricity supply to the house, and if it detects a problem on the grid, a relay trips and your house is physically disconnected from the grid. Once you are physically disconnected like this, your battery can discharge to run the loads in your home, without causing a safety risk to workmen fixing the power cut on the grid. It provides you with extra security, knowing you'll always have power in your home.
In this 2019 episode of Fully Charged, Dr Chris Jardine explains how the back-up gateway works, showcasing the installation we have done with Robert Llewellyn.
Here’s how modern home batteries give complete security of supply by allowing you to ride through powercuts
You can also charge a Tesla Powerwall 2 from the grid as well as via solar PV, which can work well for those with an economy electricity tariff that gives them cheaper electricity overnight. In the winter months when there is not so much solar available to capture, the batteries can partially top up with cheap night time electricity. The Tesla Powerwall contains a smart algorithm that predicts how much electricity to top up overnight, whilst still leaving space for the next days solar input.
Octopus Energy have introduced a new tariff specifically for Tesla Powerwall owners. Normally, you ould buy electricity at 15p/kWh and get paid 5p/kWh for exporting electricity back to the grid. If you have a Tesla Powerwall, Octopus will pay you 11p/kWh for export, and your purchase price is also 11p/kWh. If you use more than you consume, you will be paid to be a customer!
We have more information on electricity tariffs for battery owners here. Another great way of getting value from your Tesla Powerwall is to use the captured electricity to powr an electric vehicle. The Tesla Powerwall stored electricity during the day which can then be transferrred into the electric vehicle battery once the car is parked up at home in the evening.
Find out how to get the best value from your battery with innovative electricity tariffs.
Get cheaper imported electricity and a higher price for your exported electricity
Use a Tesla Powerwall as a temporary store of electricity while your car is at work
When calculating the solar energy needed to charge a Tesla Powerwall 2, it's the rating of the panels in your solar PV system as much as the number of panels that determine how much energy they can generate to charge the battery storage system. The ratings of your panels, when added together, give a number of kW that can feed into the Powerwall battery, but some of this electricity will also be used by your building at the same time.
For example, a fairly large residential 4 kW solar array (around 16 panels, depending on their rating) could produce around 20 kWh of electricity on an average sunny summer day, which would be enough to fully charge a Tesla Powerwall 2 and run your home. A Powerwall can run an average home throughout spring, summer and autumn, and for even longer if your demand is low.
At times of the year with less hours of light and sunshine, the same solar array might only produce about a quarter of the kWh that it does in the summer, which usually means that you will need to use more electricity from the grid, along with your Tesla Powerwall 2.
We are seeing an increased demand from businesses looking to incorporate solar arrays and Tesla Powerwalls to reduce their electricity bills. Implementing battery storage solutions for businesses can be complicated, and we'd only recommend it in certain circumstances. We don't want to sell you a battery storage system that won't be fully utilised. Solar PV combined with Tesla Powerwalls are great for businesses where:
We do not recommend installing solar PV combined with Tesla Powerwalls for businesses where:
Our engineers can model this for you to see if this is a viable option for your property. Contact our commercial design team to find out more.
We developed this centralised Tesla Powerwall array as storage for a housing development
More and more public buildings and public sector organisations are turning to renewables like solar PV to provide for some or all of their energy needs, especially now many of them have declared a Climate Emergency. Larger buildings can lend themselves very well to solar, because of the expansive roof space available for big solar arrays. In these types of settings, it can also make sense to incorporate battery storage, subject to the same caveats as described above for commercial properties.
This can help to cover days when the weather or daylight hours are not quite sufficient to provide for the building's needs during the day or can provide additional power for things such as electric vehicle charging for fleet or staff vehicles.
See this case study for a great example of how a council is using Tesla Powerwall 2 units with their solar PV system and EV chargers. The multi-storey car park has low daytime usage and a large excess of solar PV making it ideal for a battery storage system.
Councils may also be interested to use the Tesla Powerwall for their social housing tenants, even without solar PV. Charging the Tesla Powerwall with cheap night time electricity, and then using it during the day, means fuel poor households can access electricity at 1/3 the price that they are currently paying.
This bank of three Powerwalls runs lighting and EV charge points in a mutli-storey carpark