Comic actor and TV presenter Robert Llewellyn is a passionate proponent of new energy technologies. He runs a Youtube channel, called Fully Charged, looking not just at electric vehicles, but also the way in which that electricity is generated from renewable sources. If you’re not following it, we thoroughly recommend you do – it really is the best source of news about new energy technologies out there, and puts mainstream media to shame!
Robert Llewellyn has had solar PV on the roof of his house in the Cotswold for some years, but has increasingly felt he could do more. “I’ve had solar since 2011 and as soon as you have it, you want a battery. In theory it makes so much sense and for once in life the practice proves the point”
Robert is of course, also passionate about his electric vehicles, which also need charging at home. Our brief, therefore was to boost his solar generation, utilise a greater percentage of the solar electricity on site and use any excess to charge his cars.
We upgraded Roberts existing solar PV system of 2.5kW conventional modules to 16 high efficiency Sunpower 327 modules, totalling 5.23kW. These high efficiency modules (over 21%) have doubled the generation from his roof space.
In order to use more electricity onsite, we installed one of the first Powerwall2 battery systems in the country. This Tesla solar battery unit is much larger than conventional battery units holding an impressive 13.4kWh of energy. This greater battery capacity matches to the larger PV system – anything smaller would fill up too quickly.
The system works by using excess solar electricity to charge the Powerwall2 during the day. It discharges in the evening to loads in the house, but by midnight, we do not expect the battery to be empty. It is at this point that the Powerwall2 discharges into Robert’s car batteries. The car batteries then fill any remainder with cheaper night-time tariff electricity.
This approach is perfect as the battery is completely empty the next morning ready to capture the maximum possible solar energy through the day.
It is slightly unconventional to do charge a battery (Powerwall2) and then discharge it into another battery (vehicles), and thermodynamically this might not seem sensible. It is, however, the best thing to do economically. Robert uses his free solar electricity first, then cheap night-time electricity, with any remaining (on poor days in winter) coming at standard day rates.
Early results seem very promising: “I’ve had the system running for 2 days and my mains electricity usage has reduced by 95%. Okay, it’s summer, it’s sunny, and over the year I’m sure it won’t manage that, but it’s obvious it will reduce our overall demand on the grid by a substantial amount and utilise far more of the power the panels produce.”
We think this is a perfect exemplar of integrating solar generation, storage technologies and electric vehicle charging. It is complex, from an engineering standpoint, as we have to balance PV capacity, battery storage capacity, loads in the house and electric vehicle loads, but we look to have found an optimal solution. The home of the future is increasingly going to incorporate all these technologies operating in combination.
“Joju Solar have been patient and supportive throughout the install of my new solar array and Powerwall 2 battery system. They needed to be patient due to my constant faltering, budget anxiety and ridiculous schedule. They fitted the battery in a day, wired it up, stayed longer than expected to make sure it was all working, left the place spotlessly tidy and did a very fine job.” – Robert Llewellyn
June 15, 2017
Batteries and smart grids, EV Charging, Featured, Residential, Solar